Water Resources Engineering (WRE) connects engineering hydrology and hydraulics with global, economic, environmental, and societal issues. Our student Mandela Effiong makes this connection here…

The news article, “Pakistan: Senate body asks NDMA to get prepare for summer flood,” was published by Right Vision News on January 11th, 2013. The article discusses the importance of flood preparation in Parkistan. Flooding is a hydrologic issue and is presently a significant threat to the nation of Pakistan. As can be seen in Figure 1 and 2, the number of districts which are significantly affected is many and such districts are located in the center of the country; however, costs of fatalities can be avoided if the floods can be anticipated and the would-be victims relocated.

Flooding has proven to be a major problem for Pakistan throughout the years in in recent history. In January, the Senate Committee convened in order to discuss concerns of what they believe to be an impending flood. Many times the floods have been a result of heavy monsoon rains however the concerns arise from the “heavy snow fall” which was witnessed in the winter season and is expected to flood the land upon melting. The committee has warned the National Disaster Management Authority about their concerns and is urging them to make preparations ahead of time. According to criticalthreats.org, 20 million people were affected by the floods in 2010, 1600 of which were fatal. 260 bridges were destroyed and 17 million acres of cropland were submerged. Besides those who passed away, there were many others displaced who needed aid and assistance during and after the flood events Figure 3 and 4.

There are solutions in place today to deal with flooding in countries such as Japan and London; however, these systems can be quite expensive and may be more than a country like Pakistan can afford. Savings can still be made in human costs and life. The loss of life that comes with severe flooding is a very unfortunate thing and results in more people being affected than the number of immediate victims. Expenses which are used on sustaining and helping distressed survivors could be used for improving infrastructure in other parts of the country. For this reason, it is advantageous and economical to find a way to deal with these ominous floods.

Figure 1: Severity of Flooding by district Pakistan

Figure 1: Severity of Flooding by district Pakistan

Figure 2: Flood Affected Areas

Figure 2: Flood Affected Areas

Figure 3: Flooding in Pakistan

Figure 3: Flooding in Pakistan

Figure 4: Displaced Victims of Flood

Figure 4: Displaced Victims of Flood

Works Cited

“Pakistan: Senate Body Asks NDMA to Get Prepare for Summer Flood.” Right Vision News Jan 11 2013 ProQuest. 8 Apr. 2013
The Senate Standing Committee on climate changes has instructed National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) to get prepared for the expected floods in coming summer due to heavy snowfall on mountainous and upper parts of the country.

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